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The Master’s degree in Human Rights and Multi-level Governance at the University of Padova, with the support of the Department of Political Science, Law and International Studies and of the Human Rights Centre “A. Papisca” of the University of Padova,
is organising the
A “Model United Nations”, or MUN, is a widespread type of academic projects in which well-prepared students replicate the diplomatic activities that take place within the UN bodies. Similar projects replicate other international organizations, such as the EU institutions or the ILO bodies. MUNs drive students to learn by engagement, rather than just by reading books.
The “Universal Periodic Review” (UPR) is a unique procedure within the UN human rights machinery. It is a mechanism of the Human Rights Council based on dialogue and peer-to-peer cooperation among UN Member States. Any Country can address recommendations to the States under review, which can either support or “note” them, and must implement those accepted. The aim of this procedure is to keep track of all Member State actions and performances in the field of human rights and encourage Governments to improve the human rights situation in their Countries. UPR sessions are conducted three times a year in Geneva by the Human Rights Council Working Group, composed by the 47 Member States of the Council, with the participation of any other Member State of the UN and with the support of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). The output of the Working Group, consisting in a list of recommendations addressed by any States to the State under review, is then approved by the Council in a subsequent ordinary session. Over the UPR cycles, the procedure drives the States to identify their strengths and weaknesses and to prioritise their strategies for the fulfillment of human rights.
The Padova Model UPR consists of a simulation of the actual UPR procedure. The main phases include: the articulation and drafting of the State positions on human rights implementation, both domestically and vis-à-vis the others’ States performances; the interactive dialogue within the Human Rights Council Working Group; the adoption of the final UPR report on States under review and the comments of civil society organisations.
The Padova Model UPR offers master’s students and qualified undergraduate students an opportunity to engage in a non-formal education activity, which will provide them with an in-depth understanding of the UPR, supported by a team of peers and experts/officers from the OHCHR.
Teams must thoroughly analyse the human rights performance of the State they represent and of the other States included in the exercise. Teams set up their positions and play their roles in the simulation trying to reflect the political environment of the assigned State. Each team will therefore give a voice not only to the Government, but also to civil society actors and other relevant stakeholders including, as appropriate, National Human Rights Institutions.
1) Preparatory phase: October-early November, 2019
October: all teams are assigned the role of a State. Each team has to draft a report on the human rights issues concerning the assigned State, giving an appropriate weight to the viewpoints of the relevant national stakeholders. This document will be the basis for their subsequent elaborations in the simulation phase.
Late October: The Secretariat organizes seminars (in presence and online) and publishes tutorials to train and provide inputs to the teams.
Early November: Teams are assigned the roles of States under Review (SuR) or Reviewing States (RS).
2) Final phase: PADOVA MODEL UPR 2019, The Simulation: Padova, 27-29 November 2019
Day 1 (afternoon): pre-session: civil society/NHRIs from SuRs brief the governmental representatives of RSs;
Day 2: simulation of the UPR Working Group session with six SuR and RS.
Day 3: Adoption of the UPR reports on the SuR by the Human Rights Council.
Applicants should be teams of students from any Universities, attending undergraduate or master’s courses in Law, Political Sciences, International Relations and related fields.
Students should apply in a group of three; they have to indicate a professor of their University as their supervisor. For the 2019 edition of the Padova Model UPR it was decided to allow for the participation of up to 12 teams.
Although teams may include more students, only three will represent the team and the respective university in the final phase of the simulation (in Padova, on November 27-29).
The online form will be available from May 20 to June 20. Selected teams will be announced early in July. Application for Padova’s students will be opened on October 1st.
To directly experience the challenges and the dynamics that Government officials, diplomates, human rights defenders, independent institutions etc. face in dealing with the UPR.
Students can expand their knowledge of the UN environment, taking advantage of the involvement of academics, experts, human rights officers. Moreover, participants will have the chance to reach fellow students from other universities.
Participants may network with other students in a vibrant academic environment such as the University of Padova.
Each student will receive a certificate of attendance to the model, and the best teams and players will be awarded.
Please start with the following:
UPR Info: http://www.upr-info.org
UN Human Rights Protection Mechanisms (OHCHR website): http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/Pages/HumanRightsBodies.aspx
International Human Rights Law (OHCHR website): http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/InternationalLaw.aspx
Universal Human Rights Index (OHCHRwebsite): http://uhri.ohchr.org
No, there is no participation fee charged for the students.
No financial support nor reimbursement are provided for participants in the Padova simulation. The organisation provides for lunches and coffee breaks.