Clean Air Acts 1955-1990
Air Pollution Control Act 1955 (Public Law 84-159)
- Allocated $5 million in government funds
annually to research the negative effects of air pollution
on public health.
- Did little to effectively limit air
pollution, but officially acknowledged it as a potential danger and authorized
Congress to respond to and control the problem.
Clean Air Act of 1963 (Public Law 88-206)
- Sought to reduce air pollution from
power plants, mills, and other stationary sources.
- Allocated $95 million over a three year
period to air pollution agencies as well as state and local
governments for the purpose of conducting research and supporting control
- Acknowledges motor vehicle exhaust as
being hazardous to human health.
- Orders government-mandated research,
investigations, surveys, and experiments in
interstate pollution from the use of high sulphur coal and oil.
Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act of 1965
- Amendment to the Clean Air Act of 1963.
- Recognized the transient nature of air
pollution and its effects on trans-border communities.
- Set emissions standards for automobiles,
the first ever at the federal level (for 1968 automobile models,
based on 1963 emissions levels).
Air Quality Acts of 1967
- Additional amendments to the original
Clean Air Act of 1963.
- Divided United States into 247 Air Quality
Control Regions (AQCRs) as a means to organize,
analyze, implement, and enforce environmental policy.
- Set first national emissions standards
for stationary sources, as well as timelines and
recommendations for State Implementation Plans (SIPs).
Clean Air Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-604)
- Allowed citizens the right to take legal
action in matters pertaining to environmental affairs
and/or emissions standards.
- Established mandatory “New Source Performance
Standards” (NSPS) for emissions levels on newly
constructed power plants, additions to power plants, etc.
- Set National Ambient Air Quality Standards
(NAAQS) to protect public health.
- Extremely significant in that, for the first
time on a legislative level, standards set on six various types of pollutants;
sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone,