© Università degli Studi di Padova - Credits: HCE Web agency
On the 28th of June, the General Assembly of the United Nations elected 5 non-permanent member countries of the Security Council of the United Nations for a period of two years, starting from 1 January 2017. The countries elected are: Bolivia, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Sweden, Netherlands-Italy.
After five rounds of voting at UN Headquarters in New York, only one non-permanent Council seat remained to be filled. Italy and the Netherlands had been vying for the remaining seat, but the voting yielded no clear winner. The two countries then suggested sharing the two-year term, each with a one-year period. The last Italian seat at the Security Council goes back to the two year-period 2007-2008.
Under the UN Charter, the Security Council has the primary responsibility for international peace and security, with all UN Member States required to comply with Council decisions. The Council’s 10 non-permanent seats are allocated according to a rotation pattern set by the Assembly in 1963, to ensure a proportionate representation over time from the different parts of the world: five from African and Asian States; one from Eastern Europe; two from Latin American States; and two from Western European and Other States. The newly-elected countries will replace Spain, Malaysia, New Zealand, Angola and Venezuela.
The Security Council has 15 members, including five permanent. The five permanent members, each with the power of veto, are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Other current non-permanent members are Japan, Egypt, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay.